2015年4月16日 星期四

英語加油站- 美饌佳餚‧料理英文詞彙教學

美饌佳餚‧料理英文詞彙教學


各位同學大家午安 ^_^

   
不知道大家平常應用英文的時間會不會很頻繁,今天要跟大家分享的是有關於料理、食材的相關詞彙,從小到大一直在都在接觸英文學習的我們,有沒有想過哪一天如果有外國朋友到台灣來拜訪,除了遊山玩水、光顧台灣的美景和觀光勝地外,如何讓自己從容、清楚地介紹台灣及亞洲的各項道地美食,讓海外的親朋好友,不會因為語言或是文化上的隔閡,因而錯失了認識任何料理菁華、內涵的機會。

    小編自己曾經在大三暑假時到中國武漢市的偏遠地區擔任過3個月國際志工,雖然在過程當中非常享受文化交流的每一個過程,但是,每當那些來自世界各地的夥伴問起我:「這道菜到底是怎麼烹調的?」、「裡頭用到了些甚麼樣的食材?」、「這些菜名為什麼要這樣取?究竟有甚麼樣的意涵啊?」,小編就會無止盡的停頓,然後一個字都吐不出來,超級囧!!!!! 因為從來沒有用過也沒有思考過這些問題和任何敘述,所以今天就是要提供給同學們一些非常實用的詞彙,希望能夠協助到各位,謝謝!! :)

☆☆☆☆ 分類 ☆☆☆☆

Vegetarian dish 素食
Appetizer
開胃菜
Main dish 主菜
Side order 副餐
Dessert 甜點

☆☆☆☆ 中式-傳統餐點 ☆☆☆☆

燒餅 clay oven rolls
油條 fried bread stick
韭菜盒 fried leek dumplings
水餃 boiled dumplings
蒸餃 steamed dumplings
饅頭 steamed buns
割包 steamed sandwich
飯糰 rice and vegetable roll
蛋餅 egg cakes
皮蛋 100-year egg
鹹鴨蛋 salted duck egg
豆漿 soybean milk
米漿 rice & peanut milk
稀飯 rice porridge
白飯 plain white rice
油飯 glutinous oil rice
糯米飯 glutinous rice
滷肉飯 braised pork rice
蛋炒飯 fried rice with egg
地瓜粥 sweet potato congee

☆☆☆☆ 其它道地小吃 ☆☆☆☆

當歸鴨 angelica duck
蚵仔煎 oyster omelet
棺材板 coffin
臭豆腐 stinky tofu
油豆腐 oily bean curd
麻辣豆腐 spicy hot bean curd
天婦羅 tenpura
蝦片 prawn cracker
蝦球 shrimp balls
春捲 spring roos
雞捲 chicken roos
碗糕 salty rice pudding
筒仔米糕 rice tube pudding
紅豆糕 red bean cake
綠豆糕 bean paste cake
豬血糕 pigs blood cake
糯米糕 glutinous rice cakes
蘿蔔糕 fried white radish patty
芋頭糕 taro cake
肉圓 taiwanese meatballs
水晶餃 pyramid dumplings
肉丸 rice-meat dumplings
豆干 dried tofu

☆☆☆☆ 烹調手法 ☆☆☆☆

cook
烹調cook fish
boil
水煮boil beans
blanch
川燙blanch a tomato to peel its skin
braise
熬煮braise gravy
poach
滾煮poach an egg (poached egg 荷包蛋)
sweat
炒煮出水分sweat onion
fry
fry some rice (fried rice 炒飯)
pan-fry
煎炒pan-fry beef
stir-fry
快炒stir-fry chicken and vegetable
deep-fry
油炸deep-fry floured chicken
fritter
裹粉油炸fritter sliced bananas
hash
切碎後再炒hash vegetables (hashed potatoes 碎馬鈴薯)
saute
嫩煎saute a salmon
brown
煎至金黃色brown until golden
barbecue
炭火燒烤barbecue the meat
grill
火烤grill lamb ribs
roast
煎烤roast a chicken at 300 degrees for an hour
broil
以武火烤broil a chicken
smoke
煙燻smoke fish
simmer
simmer pork in vegetable soup
stew
stew chicken
steam
steam a lobster
chill
放入冰箱冷凍chill jell-o in the fridge until it becomes firm
freeze
冷凍freeze meat (frozen meat 冷臟肉)
defrost
解凍defrost frozen food
rinse
水漂洗rinse fruits
shave
shave carrots
peel
剝皮peel an orange
scale
去鱗scale fish
core
去核core an apple
trim
切除不要的部分trim off the fat
stuff
填裝stuff dumplings with meat sauce
pour
倒入pour some hot water
drain
瀝乾drain canned beans
strain
瀝出strain gravy
skim
撇去液體表面的漂浮物skim the grease from a soup
stir
攪拌stir the soup in a pot
turn over
翻面turn over a pancake
flip
翻面flip a pancake
marinate
醃泡marinate pork in vinegar and white wine
soak
浸泡soak white beans
pickle
腌漬pickle cabbage
squeeze
squeeze a lemon
mash
搗碎mash a potato (mashed potatoes 馬鈴薯泥)
crush
壓碎crush a clove of garlic
puree
弄成醬狀puree tomatoes in a food processor
bread
裹上麵包粉bread oysters
thicken
勾芡thicken the soup with flour

☆☆☆☆ 食材處理 ☆☆☆☆

chop
chop onions
cube
切成小塊cube potatoes
dice
切丁dice a carrot
fillet
切片fillet pork
slice
切薄片slice smoked salmon
julienne
切成細絲julienne cabbage
mince
切成碎末mince onions (minced onions 洋蔥碎末)
shred
切碎shred cheese
grate
磨成絲狀or粉狀grate cheese grated cheese 起司粉)
grind
grind beef (ground meat 絞肉)

☆☆☆☆ 調味 ☆☆☆☆

season
調味season a chicken with hot spices
garnish
搭配garnish a chicken with parsly
frost
裹上糖衣frost a cake with chocolate icing
glaze
淋上糖漿glaze carrots (glazed carrots 蜜紅蘿蔔)
baste
(醬汁) → baste the turkey with its juice
dip
稍加浸泡、沾醬dip a shrimp into vinegar
spread
spread bread with butter
sprinkle
sprinkle pepper on the steak
brush
brush some oil

☆☆☆☆ 烹調細節 ☆☆☆☆

add add a cup of water
sift
sift flour
beat
拌打/拌打至起泡beat an egg white
whip
拌打至起泡whip heavy cream (whipped cream 發泡鮮奶油)
batter
混合麵粉、蛋、牛奶等攪拌而成糊狀物、麵衣make batter for pancake
blend
使混合blend the egg yoke and butter
fold
攪打fold whipped cream into custard
knead
揉捏knead the dough into a ball
grease
塗油脂潤滑grease a frying pan
preheat
預熱preheat the oven to 300 degrees
bake
烘焙bake a cake
mold
凝固成形mold mousse in the fridge
攪拌:whisk (打蛋/打奶油)

☆☆☆☆ 食材//單位 ☆☆☆☆

ingredient 食材get the ingredients together for a cake
dash
一撮a dash of pepper
pinch
一把a pinch of salt
tablespoon
大湯匙one tablespoon of salt
teaspoon
小湯匙one teaspoon of salt

☆☆☆☆ 精雕細琢-特色料理 ☆☆☆☆

碧蘭魷魚 vegetarian squid with green vegetables
生菜蝦鬆 minced shrimp with lettuces
妅燒栗子雞 simmer chestnut chicken
炒箭筍fry small bamboo shoots
冬菇菜心 black mushroom and pickle sour kale
什錦藕片 lotus roots assorted vegetables
紅燒烤麩 simmer baked bran
紅燒苦瓜 simmer bitter bourd      
豆苗蝦仁 fry bean sprouts with vegetarian shrimp
咕咾肉 coo-lao meat
涼拌長生果 cold dressed to-fu
糖醋魚片 sweet vinegar fish fillet
粉蒸肉 steam meat
香芹豆干 celery and dry bean cord
官保甜椒 spicy sweet bell pepper
紅燒肉 simmer meat
白果蝦仁 fry nut with shrimp
雪菜百頁 pickle mustard green with bai-yei
香芝素腸 vegetarian sesame sausage
醬爆猴菇 sante moken-head moshrooms
紅繞豆腐 simmer to-fu
酥炸香菇 fry mushroom
炸明蝦 fry king prawn
羅漢齋 vegetarian meal for buddhism
什錦鍋 combination soup
酥炸蝦球 fry shrimp ball
香酥豆腐 deep-fried to-fu
咖哩洋菇 curry mushroom
金菇芥菜 golden mushroom with mustard plant
蘆荀白合 asparagus with lily
雙菇燴蝦仁 fry mushroom with shrimp
珍珠丸子 pearl pillon
酥炸芋球 deep-fried taro ball
九層鱔糊 vegetarian eel-puste and basil
翡翠鮑魚 abalone mushroom with vegetables
魚香茄子 fry eggplant
螞蟻上樹 bean threads with vegetables
炸蔬菜 fry vegetables
豉汁蠔油雞 braised chicken with fermented and seasoned soy beans and oyster sauce
翡翠蝦球 fried shrimp balls with jade -color vegetable
五彩炒蛋 scrambled egg in five colors
魚茸豆腐羹 braised bean curd with fish meat
腐皮三絲 soybean milk film withsliced meat and vegetable
香蔥煎魚 fried fish with green onion
蠔油扒雙菇 mushrooms with oyster sauce
三鮮湯pork-seafood soup
甘藍芽炒牛肉絲sliced beef with tender cabbage
五味魷魚cuttlefish in five tastes
家常豆腐bean curd with vegetable
芋頭排骨湯rib soup with taro
鳳梨排骨rib with pineapple
蒜泥蝦shrimp with chappedgarlic
干貝芥菜scallop with mustard plant
冬瓜淡菜湯soup of dried mussel with white gourd
洋蔥辣醬魚white meat fish in hot onion souce
菜心炒肉絲sliced pork and green vegetable stem
蟹粉扒豆苗crab with garden pea sprout
黃瓜肉丸湯meat ball soup with cucumber
蒜苗臘肉fried salty & dried meat with scallion
魚香茄子 fried egg plant with ground pork
鑲豆腐braised bean curd with ground pork
海帶結排骨湯hog rib and seaweed knot soup
蔥爆牛肉fried beef with green onion
南瓜三丁fried pumpkin with pork and cucumber
西芹魷魚fried cuttlefish with western celery
蕃茄豆芽湯tomato and bean sprout soup
酸甜排骨sweet and sour ribs
香脆蝦腰frisky shrimp with hog kidney
雪菜豆干丁fried winter vegetable with dried bean curd cubes
紫菜冬瓜蝦米湯laver,white gourd and dried shrimp soup
雙冬蒸肉片steamed pork with preserved winter vegetable
腰果雞丁fried chicken cubes with cashew nut
醋溜高麗saltyand sour cabbage
白菜肉捲粉絲湯chinese cabbage, meat roll and bean flour noodle soup
炸三鮮卷fried pork-seafood rolls
紅燒海參燴川丸子stewed sea cucumber with meat balls
涼拌西芹香干絲parsley and dried bean curd noodle salad
蓮耦清雞湯rhizome of lotus and chicken soup
韭黃肝片fried hog liver with chives
皇帝豆炒肉片fride pork with lima beans
培根生菜fried bacon and lettuce
蘿蔔絲魚湯shredded turnip and fish soup
蒜苗鴨賞fired salty and dried duck with scallion
小黃瓜炒墨魚fried cucumber and squid
菠蘿凍雞pineapple and chicken jelly
苦瓜排骨魚丸湯bitter gourd,hog rib and fish ball soup
時蔬炒帶子fride current vegetable and seafood
凍蹄花hog hoof jelly
青紅鮑魚菇fride chinese cabbage and champignon
清燉牛肉湯stewed beef soup
磨菇燴豬排braised pork steak with mushrooms
紅油雞絲hot sliced chicken
螃蟹粉絲煲braised crab and chinese vermicelli
蘋果鮮魚湯apple and fresh fish soup
冰糖小蹄膀small hog hoof with crystalsugar
釀黃瓜braised cucumber with pork filling
奶油西蘭花creamy broccoli
蓮子紅棗肚片湯lotus seeds,red dates and pork belly soup
紅燒花干雞braised chicken with fried bean
銀芽牛肉絲fried shredded beef with bean sprous
豆苗百葉fried garden pea sprouts with bean curd skin
酸菜肉片湯pickled cabbage and pork soup
涼拌鴨掌duck palm salad
紅燒海帶結braised seaweed knots
鹹蛋蒸肉steamed pork with salty preserved egg yolk
脆筍肉絲湯bamboo shoot piece and lily flower soup
海鮮炒蛋fried seafood with egg
麻辣毛肚hot hog bowel
涼拌高麗salty and hot cabbage salad
蛤蜊排骨湯clam and hog rib soup
蘿蔔紅燒肉braised pork with turnip
豌夾雞肫fried snow peas with chicken giblets
豆豉小魚燜苦瓜braised tiny fish fermented and seasoned soy bean and bitter gourd
肉末榨菜蒟蒻湯ground pork slated mustard root and wild arums soup
粉蒸肥腸steamed hog large intestines
豆腐雞翼steamed chicken wings with bean curd
雪菜黃魚braised yellow croaker with winter vegetable
蝦丸湯shelled shrimp soup
蜜汁火腿 honey ham
橙汁排骨orange spareribs
炒腰花stir fried kidneys
五香蹄花five spice trotter
肴肉salt petre pork
菱角燒肉braised lin-jiao with pork
節節高braised dried bamboo shoots with belly pork
糖醋荔枝肉sweet and sour lychees
京醬肉絲shredded pork with sweet bean paste
魷魚炒肉絲stir fried cuttlefish with pork
苦瓜扣排骨braised bitter gourd with spareribs
罐煨櫻桃肉stewed pork in clay pot
謙記牛肉braised brisker with star anise
茭筍牛肉sauteed jiao-bai bamboo shoots and beef
干絲牛肉stir fried beef with shredded bean curd
沙茶牛肉barbecued sauce beef
波蘿牛肉stir fried beef with pineapple
袈娑肉monk's robe
它似蜜it's like honey
干巴牛肉dried beef
子薑牛肉stir fried beef with young ginger
苦瓜拌牛肉bitter gourd and beef salad
宮保雞丁kung-pao chicken
成都子雞sauteed chicken with hot bean paste
東安雞tong-an chicken
神仙鴨 fairy duck
蜇皮鴨絲shredded roast duck and jellyfish salad
咖哩雞curry chicken
辣子雞chicken with szechwan pepper
竹節雞盅bamboo chicken
橙汁炸雞deep fried chicken in orange juice
汽鍋雞air-pot chicken
千金雞thousand gold chicken
荔枝拌火鴨lychees and roast duck salad
文昌嫩魚braised fish boon-bhang style
紅燒划水braised fish tail in brown sauce
天津熬魚braised carp tientsin style
杏仁魚排almond fish
麵拖黃魚deep-fried yellow fish
蒜瓣燒黃魚braised yellow fish with garlic
蔥燒鯽魚braised silver carp with spring onion
鮮燴魚丸sauteed fish ball
酸菜燒黃魚braised yellow fish with preserved cabbage
寧式乾燒魚頭braised fish head ling-po style
蒜燒皇帝魚braised sole with garlic
醋椒黑鯛魚 fried fish with vinegar and chili
龍井蝦仁 stir fried prawn with longjin tea
羅漢蝦 lohan prawn
蝦龍糊 prawn in thick soup
芋茸琵琶蝦mashed taro with prawn
四味明蝦片 four flavoured prawn
乾煎大蝦 pan fried large prawns
炸蝦托 deep fried prawn toast
百角蝦球 deep fried prawn balls with bread
芙蓉蝦仁 fu-yung shrimp
甘蔗蝦 sugarcane prawn
士司蝦排 shrimp cutlet
烤奶油蝦 baked prawn with cream sauce
炒海瓜子 stir fried clams with basil
清蒸蟹 steamed crab
麻辣田雞 spicy frog legs
三杯小卷 clay pot cuttlefish
海鮮燴冬茸 braised seafood with wax gourd
蔥燒海參 braised sea cucumber with spring onion
味噌海鮮鍋 miso seafood pot
五柳花枝 five coloured cuttlefish
排骨菜飯 pork ribs and vegetable rice
海南雞飯 hainanese chicken rice
鳳梨飯 pineapple rice
地瓜粥 sweet potato congee
香芋粥 taro congee
紅油抄手 meat dumpling in chili oil
蟳飯 crab rice
咖哩雞飯 curry chicken rice
鮮肉餛飩 meat dumpling
過橋米線 "cross bridge" rice noodles
肉醬麵 minced meat noodles
蚵仔麵線 oyster with fine vermicelli
蛋包飯 omelette rice
川味牛肉麵 szechwan beef noodles
甜甜圈 sweet ring
牛肉餡餅 beef puff
馬拉糕 malar cake
椰子塔 coconut tarts
蛋黃酥 egg yolk shortcake
咖哩餃 curry agnolotti
杏仁豆腐 almond jelly
蝦仁燒賣 fresh shrimp shao-mai
江米藕lotus root with glutionus rice
蔥油餅 spring onion pancake
馬蹄涼糕 water chestnut cakes
肉圓 meat balls
芝麻球 sesame ball
竹葉包 bamboo leaves bun
涼拌干絲 bean curd strips salad
涼拌海帶絲 seaweed salad
素蝦仁 mock shrimp in tomato sauce
茄汁芋丸 taro ball in tomato sauce
五味茄子 five flavoured eggpland
香芋肉末 minced pork with taro
蘋果雞丁 stir fried apple with chicken cubes
炸藕夾 deep fried lotus root sandwich
栗子白菜 braised chestnuts with chinese cabbage
雪菜菱角 stir-fried preserved mustard green with lin-jiao
鑲荷花菇 stuffed lotus flower mushroom
青辣椒鑲肉 stuffed green pepper
九層塔茄子 stir-fried eggplant with basil
竹笙絲瓜 braised bamboo pit with hairy gourd
麒麟豆腐 kirin bean curd
琵琶豆腐 "pe-par" bean curd
黑白豆腐 black and white bean curd
砂鍋豆腐 bean curd in claypot
蟹黃豆腐 bean curd with crab roe
脆皮豆腐 crispy bean curd
開陽豆腐 bean curd with dried shrimp
客家鑲豆腐 hakka style stuffed bean curd
豆酥豆腐 bean curd with soybean crumb
金菇豆腐 bean curd with golden mushroom
三冬豆腐 bean curd with mushroom and bamboo shoot
豆仁魚片羹 fish soup
自製魚鬆 dried shredded fish
薏仁排骨湯 ribs with pearl barley
肝糕雞湯 steamed pork liver
玉米丸子 corn balls
干貝莧菜 scallops with amaranth
蒸肉餅 steamed ground pork
清蒸鱈魚 steamed cod
銀魚白菜 stir-fried cabbage and silverfish
奶汁薯餅 potato milk fritters
鮭魚海苔捲 salmon rolls
乾煎鮭魚 fried salmon
蛋豆腐燴蝦 shrimp-topped tofu
芋頭肉末 taro with ground pork
水晶蝦凍 crystal shrimp jelly
蟹肉扒豆腐 crab with tofu
釀番茄  stuffed tomatoes
鮮肉瓜環 stuffed cucumber
番茄牛肉湯 beef and tomato soup
鮮菇雞腿 chicken leg with shiitake mushrooms
軟煎魚排 fish steak
奶油蘑菇湯 sauteed mushroom soup
味噌湯 miso soup
肉醬茄子 pork with eggplant
咖哩牛肉片 beef curry
肉末豆腐棗 pork-tofu ball soup
烤洋芋泥 baked mashed potato
番茄玉米湯 tomato corn soup
海苔松子 roasted seaweed with pine nuts
玉米蝦仁 corn with shrimp
炒豆乾 stir-fried pressed tofu
香煎肉魚 fried fish
羅宋湯 chinese-style beef vegetable soup
干貝冬瓜泥 scallops with winter melon
冬瓜釀肉 stuffed winter melon
茄汁雞排 chicken filets with sauce
核桃雞丁 chicken with walnuts
粟米燴魚條 deep-fried fish strips
菠菜小魚羹 spinach-cooked fish soup
脆皮鮮魷 crisp squid
鮮奶南瓜湯 pumpkin milk soup
鹽酥鮮菇 deep-fried mushrooms
黃豆排骨湯 rib and soybean soup
五彩肉丁 colorful pork
芋泥肉捲 taro and pork rolls
酥炸肉排 breaded fried pork
烤雞翅 roast chicken wings
三色煨麵 tricolor noodles
鮮奶麥糊 milk-cooked oatmeal
菠菜肉末粥 spinach and pork porridge
小魚麵線 silverfish with vermicelli

☆☆☆☆ 甜點 ☆☆☆☆

愛玉 vegetarian gelatin
糖葫蘆 tomatoes on sticks
長壽桃 longevity peaches
芝麻球 glutinous rice sesameballs
麻花 hemp flowers
雙包胎 horse hooves
餛飩麵 wonton & noodles
刀削麵 sliced noodles
麻辣麵 spicy hot noodles
麻醬麵 sesame paste noodles
鴨肉麵 duck with noodles   
鵝肉麵 goose with noodles
鱔魚麵 eel noodles
烏龍麵 seafood noodles
榨菜肉絲麵 pork , pickled mustard green noodles
蚵仔麵線 oyster thin noodles
板條 flat noodles
米粉 rice noodles
炒米粉 fried rice noodles
冬粉 green bean noodle

☆☆☆☆ 湯類 ☆☆☆☆

魚丸湯 fish ball soup
貢丸湯 meat ball soup
蛋花湯 egg & vegetable soup
蛤蜊湯 clams soup
蚵仔湯 oyster soup
紫菜湯 seaweed soup   
酸辣湯 sweet & sour soup
餛飩湯 wonton soup
豬腸湯 pork intestine soup
肉羹湯 pork thick soup
花枝湯 squid soup
花枝羹 squid thick soup

☆☆☆☆ 果汁 ☆☆☆☆

甘蔗汁 sugar cane juice
酸梅汁 plum juice
楊桃汁 star fruit juice
青草茶 herb juice   冰類
綿綿冰 mein mein ice
麥角冰 oatmeal ice
地瓜冰 sweet potato ice
紅豆牛奶冰 red bean with milk ice
八寶冰 eight treasures ice
豆花 tofu pudding

☆☆☆☆ 點心/甜品 ☆☆☆☆

海苔飯卷sushi rolls
珊瑚條兒麵homemade carrot noodles
翡翠麵片spinach noodles
什錦細麵many-treasure noodles
雞湯麵疙瘩flour pearl dumplings
南瓜飯 pumpkin rice
紅豆飯 red bean rice
鮪魚土司 tuna fish sandwich
蘑菇肉醬麵 mushroom and pork noodles
鳳梨炒飯 pineapple-fried rice
翡翠炒飯 cabbage-fried rice
鮮蝦餛飩 shrimp wonton soup
三鮮元寶 seafood dumplings
鮮奶蒸蛋 steamed eggwith milk
雞湯蒸蛋 steamed eggwith chicken broth
芝麻糊 black sesame seed paste
花生奶露 peanut milk
番薯涼糕 yam custard
鮮奶凍 fruit pudding
水果麥片糊 oatmeal paste with fruit
鮮奶米花糖 rice cake in milk
核桃酪 walnut soup
八寶粥 eight treasure congee
杯子小蛋糕 cup cakes
酥皮鮮奶凍 deep-fried milk custard
香蕉鬆餅 banana pancakes
豆漿凍 soybean milk custard
酒釀鮮果露 fruit-topped custard
小餅乾 small cookies
小碗粿 steam rice cakes
鹹蛋糕 pork and egg layer cake
雞茸玉米湯 chicken and corn soup
炸薯球 deep-fried potato balls
南瓜煎餅 pumpkin pancake
玉米煎餅 corn pancake
奶油煎土司 french toast
鮮果巧克力 chocolate fruit balls
春捲  spring roll.
蚵阿煎  fried oyster

☆☆☆☆ 水果類(fruits)☆☆☆☆

西紅柿 tomato
菠蘿 pineapple
西瓜watermelon
香蕉banana
柚子 shaddock pomelo
橙子orange
蘋果apple
檸檬lemon
櫻桃 cherry
桃子peach
pear
Chinese date(去核棗 pitted date
椰子coconut
草莓 strawberry
樹莓 raspberry
藍莓 blueberry
黑莓 blackberry
葡萄 grape
甘蔗 sugar cane
芒果 mango
木瓜 pawpaw或者papaya
杏子 apricot  
油桃 nectarine
柿子persimmon
石榴pomegranate
榴蓮 jackfruit
檳榔果 areca nut
西班牙產苦橙bitter orange
獼猴桃 kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberry
金橘cumquat
蟠桃 flat peach
荔枝 litchi
青梅greengage
山楂果 haw
水蜜桃honey peach
香瓜,甜瓜 musk melon
李子plum
楊梅 waxberry red bayberry
桂圓 longan
沙果 crab apple
楊桃starfruit
枇杷 loquat
柑橘 tangerine
蓮霧wax-apple
番石榴 guava
grapefruit 葡萄柚
dates 棗子
papaya 木瓜
mango 芒果
Cantaloupe甜瓜
tangerine 柑橘
Durian榴連
guava番石榴
lichee荔枝
Bell fruit蓮霧
Passion fruit百香果
Star fruit楊桃
persimmon柿子
Custard apple釋迦

☆☆☆☆ 肉、蔬菜類(livestock家畜)☆☆☆☆

南瓜(倭瓜) pumpkin cushaw
甜玉米 Sweet corn
牛肉beef
豬肉pork
羊肉 mutton
羔羊肉lamb
雞肉chicken
生菜;萵苣lettuce
白菜 Chinese cabbage celery cabbage
(甘藍)卷心菜 cabbage
蘿蔔 radish
胡蘿蔔 carrot
韭菜leek
木耳 agarics
豌豆 pea
馬鈴薯(土豆) potato
黃瓜 cucumber
苦瓜 balsam pear
秋葵 okra
洋蔥 onion
芹菜 celery
芹菜桿 celery sticks
地瓜 sweet potato
蘑菇 mushroom
橄欖 olive
菠菜spinach
冬瓜 Chinesewax gourd
蓮藕 lotus root
紫菜 laver
油菜 cole rape
茄子 eggplant
香菜 caraway
枇杷loquat
青椒 green pepper
四季豆 青刀豆 garden bean
銀耳 silvery fungi
腱子肉tendon
肘子 pork joint
茴香fennel(茴香油fennel oil 藥用)
鯉魚carp
鹹豬肉bacon
金針蘑 needle mushroom
扁豆 lentil
檳榔 areca
牛蒡great burdock
水蘿蔔 summer radish
竹筍 bamboo shoot
艾蒿Chinese mugwort
綠豆mung bean
毛豆green soy bean
瘦肉 lean meat
肥肉speck
黃花菜 day lily day lily bud
豆芽菜 bean sprout
絲瓜 towel gourd (註:在美國絲瓜或用來做絲瓜莖loofah洗澡的,不是食用的)
lettuce萵苣
celery芹菜
scallions
Cabbage甘藍菜
parsley荷蘭芹
eggplant茄子
Mushrooms香菇
Carrots胡蘿蔔
Spinach波菜
Cucumber黃瓜
radish蘿蔔
garlic大蒜
Broccoli綠花椰菜
Cauliflower白花椰菜
asparagus蘆筍
Bean sprout豆芽
Ginger
Basil九層塔
Coriander胡荽
Leek韭菜

☆☆☆☆ 海鮮類(sea food)☆☆☆☆

蝦仁 Peeled Prawns
龍蝦 lobster
小龍蝦 crayfish(退縮者)
crab
蟹足crab claws
小蝦(蝦米) shrimp
對蝦、大蝦 prawn
(烤)魷魚(toastsquid
海參 sea cucumber
扇貝 scallop
鮑魚 sea-ear abalone
小貝肉cockles
牡蠣oyster
魚鱗scale
海蜇jellyfish
;海龜turtle
; clam
鮁魚 culter
鯧魚 butterfish
蝦籽 shrimp egg
鰱魚;銀鯉魚chub silver carp
黃花魚 yellow croaker
鱸魚bass
鱈魚 cod
鱺魚 carp
石斑魚 grouper
安康魚 monkifish
鮭魚 salmon
中國稱沙門魚沙丁魚 sardine
旗魚 swordfish
鱒魚 trout
鮪魚 tuna
比目魚 sole
鯡魚 herring
鯰魚 catfish
紅鯛 red snapper
鮑魚 abalone
;蛤蠣 clam
墨魚;花枝 cuttlefish
章魚 octopus
牡蠣 oyster
明蝦 prawn
扇貝 scallop
蝦子 shrimp
淡菜;貽貝 mussel
魷魚 squid
螃蟹 crab
魴魚;多利魚 john dory
虱目魚 milk fish
彈塗魚 mudskipper
溪哥 freshwater minnow

☆☆☆☆ 調味(seasonings)☆☆☆☆

vinegar
醬油 soy
salt
加碘鹽 iodized salt
sugar
白糖 refined sugar
soy sauce
沙拉 salad
辣椒 hotredpepper
胡椒 blackpepper
花椒wild pepper Chinese prickly ash powder
色拉油salad oil
調料 fixing sauce seasoning
砂糖 granulated sugar
紅糖 brown sugar
冰糖 Rock Sugar
芝麻 Sesame
芝麻醬 Sesame paste
芝麻油 Sesame oil
咖喱粉curry
番茄醬(汁) ketchup redeye
辣根horseradish
shallot Spring onions
ginger
garlic
料酒 cooking wine
蠔油oyster sauce
枸杞(枇杷,歐查果
枸杞medlar
八角aniseed
酵母粉yeast / barm   
黃椒Yellow pepper
肉桂 cinnamon
黃油 butter
香草精 vanilla extract(甜品製作時常應用得上)
面粉 flour
洋蔥 onion

☆☆☆☆ 主食類(staple food)☆☆☆☆

三明治  sandwich
米飯rice
congee rice soup
soup
餃子dumpling
麵條 noodle
比薩 pizza
泡麵 instant noodle
香腸 sausage
麵包 bread
黃油 (白塔油)butter
茶葉蛋 Tea eggs
油菜 rape
餅乾 cookies
鹹菜(泡菜)pickle
饅頭 steamed bread
餅(蛋糕)cake
漢堡 hamburger
火腿ham
奶酪 cheese
餛飩皮 wonton skin
高筋面粉 Strong flour
小麥wheat
大麥barley
青稞highland barley
高粱broomcorn kaoliang
春卷Spring rolls  
芋頭 Taro
山藥 yam
魚翅 shark fin
黃花 daylily
松花蛋;皮蛋preserved eggs
肉餡餅minced pie
糙米 Brown rice
玉米 corn
餡兒 stuffing
開胃菜 appetizer
面粉 flour
燕麥 oat
白薯;甘薯 sweet potato
牛排 steak
里脊肉 fillet
涼粉 bean jelly
糯米;江米 sticky rice
燕窩 birds nest
Chinese corn
肉丸子 meat balls
枳橙citrange
點心(中式)dim sum
澱粉starch
蛋撻 egg tart
乾果類(dry fruits
腰果 Cashew nuts
花生 peanut
無花果fig
榛子filbert hazel
栗子chestnut
核桃walnut
杏仁almond
果脯 preserved fruit
芋頭taro
葡萄幹raisin cordial
開心果 pistachion
巴西果 brazil nut
菱角,荸薺 water chestnut (和國內食用法不同,做堅果食用)

☆☆☆☆ 酒水類(beverage)☆☆☆☆

紅酒 red wine
白酒 white wine
白蘭地 brandy
葡萄酒 sherry
汽水(軟飲料) soda
(鹽)汽水sparkling water
果汁juice
冰棒 Ice-lolly
啤酒beer
優格 yoghurt
伏特加酒vodka
雞尾酒cocktail
豆奶 soy milk
豆漿soybean milk
七喜 7 UP
麒麟(日本啤酒kirin
涼開水 cold boiled water
漢斯啤酒 Hans beer
濃縮果汁 concentrated juice
冰鎮啤酒 iced(chilled ) beer
劄幌(日本啤酒)Sapporo
愛爾啤酒(美國)ale
班圖酒bantu beer
半幹雪利 dry sark
參水牛奶 blue milk
日本粗茶 bancha
生啤酒 draft beer
白啤酒 white beer
<蘇格蘭>大麥酒barley-bree
咖啡伴侶coffee mate

☆☆☆☆ 零食(snack)☆☆☆☆

薄荷糖 mint
餅幹 cracker
餅幹 biscuit
bonbon 棒棒糖
tea (沏茶 make the tea
話梅prune candied plum
鍋巴 rice crust
瓜子 melon seed
冰棒(冰果) icefrozen/ sucker
冰淇淋ice cream
防腐劑preservative
聖代冰淇淋 sundae
巧克力豆 marble chocolate barley
布丁pudding

☆☆☆☆ 其他相關詞彙(some words about food)☆☆☆☆

fired
quick boiled
braise (相關詞彙: 燴牛舌 braised ox tongue
roast
飽嗝 burp
飽了;飽的 full stuffed
解渴quench thirst (形容食物變壞spoil spoilage
preservative 防腐劑
expiration date 產品有效期 (形容酒品好: a good strong brew 絕味釀
An order一份

☆☆☆☆ 中式早點 ☆☆☆☆

燒餅 Clay oven rolls
油條 Fried bread stick
韭菜盒 Fried leek dumplings
水餃Boiled dumplings
蒸餃 Steamed dumplings
饅頭 Steamed buns
割包 Steamed sandwich
飯團 Rice and vegetable roll
蛋餅 Egg cakes
皮蛋 100-year egg
鹹鴨蛋 Salted duck egg
豆漿 Soybean milk

☆☆☆☆ 飯類 ☆☆☆☆

稀飯  Rice porridge
白飯 Plain white rice
油飯 Glutinous oil rice
糯米飯 Glutinous rice
鹵肉飯 Braised pork rice
蛋炒飯 Fried rice with egg
地瓜粥 Sweet potato congee

☆☆☆☆ 麵類 ☆☆☆☆

餛飩麵 Wonton & noodles
刀削麵 Sliced noodles
麻辣麵Spicy hot noodles
麻醬麵 Sesame paste noodles
鴨肉麵 Duck with noodles
鱔魚麵 Eel noodles
烏龍麵 Seafood noodles
榨菜肉絲麵 Pork , pickled mustard green noodles
牡蠣細麵Oyster thin noodles
板條Flat noodles
米粉 Rice noodles
炒米粉Fried rice noodles
冬粉Green bean noodle

☆☆☆☆ 湯類 ☆☆☆☆

魚丸湯 Fish ball soup
貢丸湯 Meat ball soup
蛋花湯 Egg & vegetable soup
蛤蜊湯 Clams soup
牡蠣湯 Oyster soup
紫菜湯 Seaweed soup
酸辣湯 Sweet & sour soup
餛飩湯 Wonton soup
豬腸湯 Pork intestine soup
肉羹湯 Pork thick soup
魷魚湯 Squid soup
花枝羹 Squid thick soup

☆☆☆☆ 中餐 ☆☆☆☆

bear’s paw
熊掌
sea cucumber 海參
sea sturgeon
海鱔
salted jelly fish 海蜇皮
kelp, seaweed 海帶
abalone鮑魚
shark fin魚翅
scallops 扇貝
bird’s nest 燕窩
roast suckling pig 烤乳豬
pig’s knuckle
豬腳
boiled salted duck 鹽水鴨
preserved meat臘肉
barbecued pork 叉燒
sausage 香腸
fried pork flakes 肉鬆
BAR-B-Q 烤肉
meat diet
葷菜
vegetables 素菜
meat broth 肉羹
local dish 地方菜
Cantonese cuisine 廣東菜
set meal 客飯
curry rice 咖喱飯
fried rice 炒飯
plain rice 白飯
crispy rice 鍋巴
gruel, soft rice , porridge
noodles with gravy 炸醬麵
plain noodle 陽春麵
casserole 砂鍋
chafing dish, fire pot火鍋
meat bun肉包子
shao-mai  燒賣
preserved bean curd
腐乳
bean curd豆腐
fermented blank bean
豆豉
pickled cucumbers 醬瓜
preserved egg 皮蛋
salted duck egg 鹹鴨蛋
dried turnip 蘿蔔乾

☆☆☆☆ 西餐 /日本料理 ☆☆☆☆

menu
菜單
French cuisine法國菜
today’s special 今日特餐
chef’s special 主廚特餐
buffet 自助餐
fast food 快餐
specialty 招牌菜
continental cuisine 歐式西餐
aperitif 飯前酒
dim sum 點心
French fires炸薯條
baked potato烘馬鈴薯
mashed potatoes馬鈴薯泥
omelette 簡蛋卷
pudding 布丁
pastries 甜點
pickled vegetables 泡菜
kimchi 韓國泡菜
crab meat 蟹肉
prawn 明蝦
conch 海螺
escargots 田螺
braised beef 燉牛肉
bacon 熏肉
poached egg 荷包蛋
sunny side up 煎一面荷包蛋 over 煎兩面荷包蛋
fried egg 煎蛋
over easy 煎半熟蛋
over hard 煎全熟蛋
scramble eggs 炒蛋
boiled egg
煮蛋
stone fire pot 石頭火鍋
sashi 日本竹筷
sake 日本米酒
miso shiru 味噌湯
roast meat 鐵板烤肉
sashimi 生魚片
butter 奶油
scallop干貝
Raw fish 生魚片(sashimi)
Boiled potato水煮馬鈴薯
Baked potato烤馬鈴薯
Mashed potato馬鈴薯泥
Chef主廚
Cuisine菜餚
Dressing沙拉醬
Gravy湯汁
Sauce調味醬
Pasta麵食
Spaghetti義大利麵條
Lasagna 千層麵
roast beef烘烤用牛肉
Ham火腿
pork chop豬排
Bacon醃豬肉
veal cutlet牛肉片
Sausage香腸
ground beef絞牛肉
Drumsticks雞小腿
Breast雞胸肉
Thigh雞大腿
Sirloin steak沙朗牛排
T-bone steak丁骨牛排
beef rib牛排骨
Salami義大利香腸

☆☆☆☆ 西式附餐 ☆☆☆☆

green salad
生菜沙拉
doughnut甜甜圈
Ketchup蕃茄醬
Mustard芥末
Dressing沙拉醬
Mayonnaise美奶茲
Muffin鬆餅
milk shake奶昔
French fries薯條墨西哥塔可餅
tacoBiscuit蛋糕
Chicken nugget雞塊
Onion ring洋蔥圈


資料來源:
1.餐飲單字-後製料理方式@ 亂有想法:: 痞客邦PIXNET
2. Hitutor 線上英文學習資源
3. 維基百科 關鍵字: 料理



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